Epidemiological Insights: Unraveling the Dynamics of COVID-19 Transmission in the South Asian Subcontinent during 2020-21

The global ramifications of the COVID-19 pandemic, originating in a Chinese city in December 2019, have profoundly impacted countries within the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and beyond. This research delves into the multifaceted repercussions of the virus, spanning areas such as mortality rates, economic upheavals, educational disruptions, and various other facets of societal well-being. The central aim of this study is to conduct a comprehensive examination of COVID-19 transmission dynamics in SAARC countries. Data from COVID-19 Worldometer (WHO) serves as the foundation for collecting pertinent information related to SAARC nations. Utilizing statistical methodologies, our analysis is focused on daily new cases, active cases, and daily death cases. The findings reveal an alarming exponential surge in COVID-19 cases since the inception of 2020. With a dedicated focus on aiding pharmacists and healthcare providers, this paper is committed to furnishing reliable information and empirical evidence. The intent is to fortify primary care and pharmacist practices, aligning them with effective regulatory frameworks during the challenging times imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Evaluation of food products with integrated Solanum nigrum : A review

Solanum nigrum is a plant that belongs to the Solanaceae family. It is also known by the popular names Makoi and Black nightshade. Solanum nigrum contain different chemical components like, glycoproteins, Glycoalkaloids, polysaccharides, and polyphenolic chemicals like caffeic acid, epicatechin, rutin, gallic acid, catechin and protocatechuic acid. Solanum nigrum is well recognised to have a variety of therapeutic properties, like antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, and anti-oxidant activity. However, black-colored fruits are not used since they are harmful and not used for medical purposes. The root, complete plant, and leaves of this plant all have diverse characteristics. Food is made from fruits that have a reddish brown appearance. The study might come to the conclusion that Solanum nigrum berries and leaves both contain a sizable amount of nutrients and could be used as ingredients in different food preparation.

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Medicinal properties of Himalayan Marsh Orchid: Dactylorhiza hatagirea(D.Don) Soó (Garud Panja)

Dactylorhiza hatagirea (D.Don) Soó (Syn. Orchis hatagirea D.Don) is a famous and endangered remedial plant, found in high altitude Zones (at 2800-4440 m a.s.l.) of the higher Himalayas. The common names for D. hatagirea are Hatpanja or Hatajari  in Uttarakhand, in Kashmir Salam panja, Panchaunle in Nepal and in Ladakh Wanglak or Angulagpa. Due to its extreme therapeutic properties and excess utilization in environment, the species leads to vulnerable with loss. In the present study,pharmacological properties and traditional uses of D. hatagirea was discussed. For the conservation of D. hatagirea from destruction, it is categoeized as ‘Critically Endangered’ in the KWLS. Because of high therapeutic value of this plant, its valuable protection becomes much important. Thus, an incorporated conservation accesssion is desired to protect this Himalayan orchid (D. hatagirea ). Dactylorhiza hatagirea is a therapeutic plant species of orchid, also known as marsh orchid restricted to North-Western Himalayan range distributes across India, Pakistan, China, Bhutan, and Afghanistan. Dactylorhin, a bioactive component found in the tuber of D. hatagirea, contributes for immense medicinal importance to cure numerous ailments. Generally dactylorhin possess neurostimulant, antibacterial, immunomodulator activity along with diverse nutritional properties. Due to much medicinal importance, overexploitation of D. hatagirea take place and it becomes a threatened plant species. So there is essential need to conserve this plant species, for this various conservation approaches such asmajor biotechnological involvements such as plant tissue culture, advancement of molecular markers, next-generation sequencing have been followed. As these are the few significant approaches for the conservation of extraordinary Himalayan orchid. It is expected that in future, medicinal plants like D. hatagirea will be used to develop potent therapeutics.

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Revisiting Kinetics of Phase Separation in Binary Mixtures

Binary Mixtures (Binary Alloys or Binary Fluids) exhibit phase separation after a sudden quench below the critical temperature. Domain growth occurs due to the motion of interfaces between deferent phases. The dynamical aspects of phase separation and the domain growth laws have been studied and explored by the physicists in great deal from several decades. There exist various theoretical, experimental or computational methods to dig into the underlying physics. We focus to shed light on this phenomenon and review the framework of mean field theoretical study, phase-field modelling and simulation techniques. We further discuss about the recent advancements in this field particularly on the use of Cahn-Hilliard equation with activity parameter to describe the active phase separation dynamics.

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Green Synthesis of AgO Nanoparticles by Using Aegle Marmelos (Linn) Rind Peel Extract and Its Potential Applications

Green method of synthesis of nanoparticles (NPs) is growing field of science & technology. During the last few decades the use of these nanoparticles in various fields have been increased tremendously. Due to very wide range of application of metal oxide nanoparticles the interest of researcher in this field is growing rapidly. Various Research work in this aspect has shown how one can utilize this technology to its full capabilities. So, a variety of methods including biological, chemical and physical were applied for advancement of metal nanoparticals. In this proposed research work we are trying to provide a clean eco-friendly approach of the synthesis of very popular and one the most useful silver nanoparticles. We have characterized the green synthesized nanoparticles by using various standard analytical tools like UV visible spectroscopy, FTIR and SEM analysis. We also evaluated the antioxidant property of the synthesized nanoparticles by using the available standard procedure.

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Lockdown Dynamics and COVID-19 Transmission: A Comparative Analysis in India and Beyond

Similar to other nations, India has grappled with the repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic, which originated in a Chinese city in December 2019. The impact of this contagion extends across diverse domains, encompassing the profound loss of human lives-India has already recorded over 4 lakh deaths—economic ramifications, disruptions in academic institutions, and various other sectors. This research is designed to scrutinize the influence of lockdown measures on the spread of the coronavirus, both in India and other countries. Data pertaining to COVID-19 cases and the duration of lockdowns has been compiled for India and other nations that implemented such measures before, during, and after specified dates. Employing statistical methodologies, the study draws inferences from the COVID data encompassing daily new cases, active cases, and daily death occurrences. The objective is to unravel the nuanced relationship between lockdown strategies and the trajectory of COVID-19 transmission in different countries, with a specific focus on the Indian context.

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Modified Lucas wavelets collocation Scheme for solving Benjamina Bona Mohany Partial differential equations

This study presents a collocation scheme using modified Lucas wavelets to approximate solutions for important Benjamina Bona Mohany equations applied in diverse physical applications. The proposed scheme transforms the problem into an algebraic system, and comparative analysis with existing methods demonstrates its effectiveness in providing accurate solutions for Benjamina Bona Mohany partial differential equations.

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Study of Moringa Oleifera Having Nutraceutical Properties and Their Bakery Products

Moringa oleifera is one of the beneficial trees found in the genus (moringa). It comes under the category of non-succulent perennials as they avert themselves from drought and are also easily grown plants. There are thirteen species of the genus Moringa which is mostly found and used for many purposes. This review’s objective is to provide the classified and recent data about their edible parts, nutrient composition, nutraceutical properties and their uses in bakery products. Moringa oleifera are rich in many nutrients due to which they prohibited malnutrition and research studies showed that they have many bioactive compounds like glucosinolates, tannins, flavonoids etc. which helps in the prevention and cure of various diseases like cancer, obesity, diabetes mellitus, inflammation and nephropathy. It also provides a barrier against microorganisms like bacteria, and virus, so, acts as an antimicrobial agent and also prevent from malnourishment. Nowadays, bakery products are also seen as a staple food and are consumed by all categories of people. But generally, many bakery products like bread and cake are not rich in other nutrients except carbohydrates and fats. So, bakery products can be fortified or enriched by plant sources like Moringa oleifera edible parts as they are rich in many nutrients and also rich in bioactive compounds. We can use other plant sources according to their ease of availability. Data for this review paper is collect from google scholar and research gate journal papers (2009-2022).

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Formulation and Quality Analysis of Multigrain Cookies

The bakery industry is a traditional and growing food industry that is providing huge demand for convenient foods like biscuits, cookies, cakes, etc. Cookies are flat and crispy bread with meager moisture and are made of generally wheat or refined wheat flour along with various other ingredients. The demand for fibre and minerals-rich multigrain cookies is high and this demand inspired the preparation of Multigrain Cookies. The present investigation attempts to formulate higher nutritional value cookies with added health benefits by adding Ragi flour, brown rice flour and oats flour with whole wheat flour. In the present study samples, A, B, C and D were formulated in which multigrain cookies were prepared by using Whole Wheat Flour: Ragi flour: Oats Flour: Brown rice Flour (WF: RF: OF: BF) in the ratio of (75:50:25:10, 50:25:75:10, 25:75:50:10, 50:50:50:10) respectively. It was found that among all Samples sample B scored higher in flavor (6.8), color (7.45), appearance (7.6), and overall acceptability (7.6) and was considered the optimized product. The ash, titrable acidity, pH and moisture percent of Sample B were found to be 0.78%, 0.13%, 7.4, and 3.07% respectively. Later sample B is get treated with FTRI, SEM tests.

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An Overview of Mamadu-Njoseh Wavelets and its Properties for Numerical Computations

The primary purpose of this article is to introduce the Mamadu-Njoseh wavelets which make a series of orthogonal wavelets. The Mamadu-Njoseh wavelets are constructed by Mamadu Njoseh polynomials. The orthogonal wavelets have a huge contribution in numerical analysis as well as in approximation theory. We discuss several essential aspects of Mamadu-Njoseh wavelets such as the orthogonality, admissibility, and regularity condition. Also, the operational matrix of integral and derivative for Mamadu-Njoseh wavelets is constructed which are very useful for the simulation of several models.

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