Medicinal properties of Himalayan Marsh Orchid: Dactylorhiza hatagirea(D.Don) Soó (Garud Panja)

Dactylorhiza hatagirea (D.Don) Soó (Syn. Orchis hatagirea D.Don) is a famous and endangered remedial plant, found in high altitude Zones (at 2800-4440 m a.s.l.) of the higher Himalayas. The common names for D. hatagirea are Hatpanja or Hatajari  in Uttarakhand, in Kashmir Salam panja, Panchaunle in Nepal and in Ladakh Wanglak or Angulagpa. Due to its extreme therapeutic properties and excess utilization in environment, the species leads to vulnerable with loss. In the present study,pharmacological properties and traditional uses of D. hatagirea was discussed. For the conservation of D. hatagirea from destruction, it is categoeized as ‘Critically Endangered’ in the KWLS. Because of high therapeutic value of this plant, its valuable protection becomes much important. Thus, an incorporated conservation accesssion is desired to protect this Himalayan orchid (D. hatagirea ). Dactylorhiza hatagirea is a therapeutic plant species of orchid, also known as marsh orchid restricted to North-Western Himalayan range distributes across India, Pakistan, China, Bhutan, and Afghanistan. Dactylorhin, a bioactive component found in the tuber of D. hatagirea, contributes for immense medicinal importance to cure numerous ailments. Generally dactylorhin possess neurostimulant, antibacterial, immunomodulator activity along with diverse nutritional properties. Due to much medicinal importance, overexploitation of D. hatagirea take place and it becomes a threatened plant species. So there is essential need to conserve this plant species, for this various conservation approaches such asmajor biotechnological involvements such as plant tissue culture, advancement of molecular markers, next-generation sequencing have been followed. As these are the few significant approaches for the conservation of extraordinary Himalayan orchid. It is expected that in future, medicinal plants like D. hatagirea will be used to develop potent therapeutics.