Assessment of Ethnopharmacological properties of Oroxylum indicum(L.) Kurz: A mini-review

In Asian ethnomedical system, Oroxylum indicum (L.) Kurz have been used to treat various diseases such as hepatic troubles like jaundice, cardiac diseases, rheumatic and arthritic troubles, ulcers, respiratory problems, gastro-intestinal ailments, headaches, wounds, burns, snake bite and scorpion stings. The present work summarizes the scientific evidences that support therapeutic potential of O. indicum. The mini-review is based on the information available on pharmacological and ethnobotanical data of O. indicum from various research articles, review papers and book chapters. Various experimental studies have verified the presence of flavonoids, tannins, alkaloids, cardio glycosides, phenols,saponins, sterols and other phytochemicals in O. indicum. Numerous active principles have been isolated from different parts of this plant of which most abundant and promising are oroxylin A, Baicalein, Chrysin and Scutellarin. In in vivo and in vitro preclinical models, the plant is found to act against varied microbial infections, gastrointestinal, respiratory, hepatic and cardiac disorders. It is also found to have anti-cancer properties and is also competent in the treatment of diabetes, obesity, wound healing etc.