Solanum nigrum is a plant that belongs to the Solanaceae family. It is also known by the popular names Makoi and Black nightshade. Solanum nigrum contain different chemical components like, glycoproteins, Glycoalkaloids, polysaccharides, and polyphenolic chemicals like caffeic acid, epicatechin, rutin, gallic acid, catechin and protocatechuic acid. Solanum nigrum is well recognised to have a variety of therapeutic properties, like antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, and anti-oxidant activity. However, black-colored fruits are not used since they are harmful and not used for medical purposes. The root, complete plant, and leaves of this plant all have diverse characteristics. Food is made from fruits that have a reddish brown appearance. The study might come to the conclusion that Solanum nigrum berries and leaves both contain a sizable amount of nutrients and could be used as ingredients in different food preparation.