Worldwide millions of people suffer from nerve tissue injury- SCI (Spinal Cord Injury) that will result paralysis and experience of life-threatening problems. Till date there are different methods have been described to be effective in the treatment of SCI but there is no remedy available for full functional recovery of SCI. Stem cells and tissue specific growth factors entrapped matrixes along with the tissue engineering principle are the used for the treatments and for repairing SCI. Although these techniques overcome the limitation of traditional clinical methods but still they cannot restore the bio-functionality of the regenerated tissue after the injury. Therefore, the major challenge that is faced by the biomedical experts is to repair and regenerated a structural bio-functional damaged nerve tissue.
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